What is ARV In Real Estate: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to real estate investing, ARV, or after-repair value, is a crucial aspect. However, ARV estimates are not always accurate due to market fluctuations and local market conditions.

In this article we will dive into the intriguing realm of After Repair Value (ARV) knowing how it works, the 70 per cent rule, its calculation method and finally its limitations.     

What Is After Repair Value (ARV)?

For real estate investors, the Repair worth (ARV) is a critical statistic that aids in estimating the market worth of buildings following certain repairs and upgrades. To maximise profits and return on investment (ROI), real estate investors who flip properties are very necessary. Investors may use ARV to estimate their remodelling budget and estimate the value of a property. For instance, ARV may be used to assess the profitability of an investment if a home has a low fair market value and nearby similar property sells for less.

Local market circumstances and repair expenses must be taken into account while calculating ARV, but outside influences might have a big impact on the calculation. The ARV is calculated using recently sold comparable houses in the area that are similar in age, size, build, and style. It is most frequently used to real estate investments where upgrades or renovations will increase value, such as those made by rehabbers who fix and sell houses.

How ARV Works in Real Estate?

Real estate investors must consider the ARV, which calculates the possible future worth of a property following upgrades. It is used to calculate an investor's profit margin and is dependent on market circumstances, location, and amenities. The appraiser uses a repair list provided by Rehab Financial to compare the property's present value and worth after repairs to determine ARV. In the short-term real estate investment technique of home flipping, when a person purchases a property, does necessary repairs and upgrades, and then sells it for a profit, ARV is frequently employed.

Real estate investors search for properties with lower purchase prices than their expected ARV and remodelling expenditures to ensure a high profit margin. When offering ARV loans for renovations, lenders frequently base the maximum amount on the property's after-repair value. Calculating ARV requires precise repair estimates and market knowledge.

What Is the 70 Percent Rule in Real Estate?

The after-repair value (ARV) less anticipated repair expenses should not be more than 70% of the bid price at the start of a project, according to the 70% rule, a real estate investing guideline. Rehab investors and home flippers utilise this formula to guarantee a 30% return on investment (ROI). The calculation for the 70% rule is maximum bid price = (ARV x 0.7) - estimated repair cost.

If the ARV is $500,000 and the cost of repairs is $20,000, as an example. The most you should pay for something should be $120,000, or $315,000. This approach, which evaluates the cost and profit margin of buying a distressed real estate property, is important for figuring out the appropriate purchase price for a rehab property. No acquisition price, according to the calculation, should ever exceed 70% of the property's estimated future worth when repairs are taken into account.

The 70% rule is a useful formula for assessing the probable profitability of a real estate investment, aiding in the negotiation of a lower purchase price, and assisting investors in avoiding properties with low returns on their investments.

How to Calculate ARV

The average price per square foot of nearby comparable properties can be used to calculate a property's After Repair Value (ARV). Finding comparable homes, dividing their selling prices by their square footage, and averaging the findings can be used to achieve this. The ARV is then computed by multiplying the square footage of the property by the average price per square foot of these properties. The ARV is based on the property's present worth prior to repairs and the cost of the anticipated repairs. This approach can be used to calculate the property's worth following repairs.

Investors should review comparables, total expenditures and expenses, and apply the 70% rule when calculating an investment property's ARV. Investors should take into account elements like age, size, neighbourhood, and location. Comparables are previously sold or listed residences similar to the investment. Investors should seek quotes from qualified contractors, get material estimates, and base their budget on buyers in order to determine costs and expenses. Closing, holding, and financing expenses, among others, should also be taken into account. When assessing a property's potential, keep in mind to take the projected property worth into account.

Limitations In ARV

Based on the property's existing valuation and rehabilitation expenditures, the ARV is an estimate of its value. It is arbitrary, liable to change over time, and it excludes unanticipated costs or changes in the market. Since it doesn't take into consideration remodelling expenditures or changes in the real estate market, ARV is dependent on estimations and is thus not ideal. Additionally, it might be challenging to foresee a negotiation's outcome because things don't always turn out as expected. Since ARV is arbitrary, other tools for valuation should be used to complete the picture. Fix-and-flip investors should be ready for any probable low estimations because it is not flawless. The value of a property might rise or fall over time due to the dynamic nature of the market.


For real estate investors, the ARV rule is an essential tool for estimating the worth of a property following repairs and improvements. It bases its assessment of a possible deal's value on market information and property value. Choosing a desired purchase price and the best financing option for the property may both be assisted by using the suitable ARV calculator. Even though it's not the sole method, adding this computation to a deal analyzer is essential. Since ARV does not account for all potential circumstances, it should not be the sole element taken into account when evaluating after-repair value.


What does ARV in real estate mean?

  • The term "after repair value," or "ARV," refers to the projected value of a property following renovation.

How is ARV determined?

  • You may estimate the resale value after repairs by adding the purchase price and renovation expenditures to get your total investment.

Why is ARV significant to investors in real estate?

  • When purchasing and remodelling homes, ARV aids investors in determining future returns and making wise judgements.

Can ARV evolve over time?

  • Yes, owing to changes in the market and in the neighbourhood or condition of the property, ARV may alter.

When using ARV in real estate, are there any frequent errors to avoid?

  • Overestimating the resale value, underestimating remodelling expenditures, and neglecting market considerations are typical errors.

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